Perseverance is probably the key to longevity

adult man playing a musial instrument
Photo by Immortal shots on Pexels.com

Certainly there are no magic recipes that guarantee immortality, but new research suggests that strong-willedness, perseverance and a constant pursuit of something may be the key to longevity.

Researchers at the University of Rome and the University of California, studied 29 people aged 91 to 101 who were found to have worse physical health than their relatives aged 51 to 75 years.

woman standing near yellow petaled flower

In terms of mental health, however, the older ones – residents of nine villages in Cilento, southern Italy – have found themselves in better shape than their younger relatives, suggesting that the years ahead give a greater sense of well-being.

The researchers also concluded that high self-esteem, a strong sense of control over situations, and decision-making ability were more prominent in the ages.

People’s love for their land, their property, gives them a purpose, a purpose to live on,” explains study leader Anna Scelzo. “This is my life and I’m not going to give it up” is the basic thinking of older people, she explains.

Water, the most important good

clean clear cold drink

‘Cape Town, South Africa. 4.5 million people are anxious for some water. Endless queues at municipal stations that distribute water with the bulletin, everyone is entitled to only 25 liters a day. All this under the supervision of the police, to avoid riots and looting. ” This is the nightmare scenario of ‘zero time’ in a country affected by drought and water scarcity. It is not far from the reality, as today in Cape Town the water is distributed by ferry, 50 liters a day, until the rains start and the water tanks are replenished.

Last autumn the drought hit Morocco as well. In the city of Zagora, riots broke out among residents waiting in the queue, in intolerable heat, for some water. The water level in Spain has been lower than ever before, where agricultural production accounts for 85% of stocks. And the demand for the most precious commodity will continue to grow, as will the global population. Environmental pollution and deforestation for logging, mass livestock breeding and other uses further reduce the available water resources. According to the United Nations, one third of the planet is already suffering from water scarcity.

Adaptation to climate change is essential

Climate change is added to all of these risk factors. Therefore, safeguarding water resources is a top priority in most countries that formulate climate action plans. Inna Dobrovsky from the German Institute for Development Policy has studied the strategy of the 196 countries that sign the UN’s international climate protection treaty and concludes that “most national action plans cover rather well adapted climate change measures even in developing countries. However, long-term, viable solutions are missing. Sufficient priority is not given to the protection of ecosystems and the proper management of water resources. “

Germany is one of the countries that are lucky enough to have water surpluses. According to the latest available data dating from 2013, the water resources available exceed seven times the needs of households, industry and agricultural production. But that does not mean that water quality is always appropriate. In 2016, the Commission brought a case before the European Court of Justice against Germany for excessively high nitrate levels in the aquifer. The German government should have addressed the problem by legislative intervention by 2012, the statement of reasons for the appeal states. High nitrate levels are presumably due to the intensive use of organic fertilizers in agricultural crops.

Drinking water in Germany

However, according to the competent authorities, this does not pose a risk to the quality of the drinking water, which is closely monitored. Even in high-risk areas, providers drill deeper or resort to contaminants so that nitrate values ​​in drinking water do not exceed the permissible limits. As, according to the deutsche welle, says Ingrid Korey of the German Federal Scientific Service for the Environment “we haven’t exceeded the limits anywhere. We could also use the technical ability to remove nitrate, but this is not our first choice because it significantly increases the cost. “

Although the authorities appear reassuring, many Germans drink bottled water. Some people prefer it for its taste and not for health reasons. With a new directive on the quality of drinking water, the Commission encourages European citizens to prefer tap water anyway, on the grounds that plastic bottles of bottled water are particularly harmful to the environment. As for the United Nations, they are launching a ten-year awareness campaign on the most valuable asset on the planet. After all, experts point out, ensuring the water’s sufficiency and quality is a prerequisite for achieving all other, ambitious environmental goals by 2030.

The Nobel Peace Prize winner who promises to change Ethiopia

brown map on map

Three “passions” have inevitably shaped the personality of Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, who was honored with the 2019 Nobel Peace Prize “for his efforts to achieve peace and international co-operation, and in particular for his resolute initiative to neighboring Eritrea ”: his love for education, his desire to be a leader and his ambition to resolve the crisis with Eritrea.

Ethiopia and Eritrea, longtime enemies involved in the 1998-2000 border war, restored their relations in July 2018 after years of hostility.

He was born on August 15, 1976, just two years after the overthrow of the monarchy and the assumption of power by the military regime of Derg.

Married and father of four children – three daughters and recently an adopted baby boy – the youngest leader of Africa is considered by many to be the liberator of his home from ethnic violence and political insecurity.

He took over as prime minister in April 2018 – following the unexpected resignation of Prime Minister Heilemariyam Dessalegn which led to the country declaring a state of emergency – with a rich agenda of radical reforms. Since then, he has released thousands of political prisoners, reintroduced hundreds of “censored” websites, ended the conflict with Eritrea, signed a historic “Joint Declaration of Peace and Friendship”, lifted the state of emergency, and promoted investor-owned sectors. including the State carrier.

He is the first Ethiopian prime minister to come from the Oromos, the country’s most populous tribe, which accounts for more than one-third of the country’s 100 million people. “Bring down the walls, build bridges” is his message to the ethnic groups of his people.

He does not hesitate to embrace politicians publicly, take selfies with his supporters and smile on live television like a pop-star.

 

He was sleeping on the floor

His father is a Muslim Oromos, his mother a Christian and he speaks Oromo’s language, Amharic, Tigrinya as well as English.

He was born in the western city of Besasha and was “sleeping on the floor” in a house without electricity and water supply.

I used to bring water from the river,” he said in a recent interview, adding that he had not seen an electric field and an asphalted road until the second grade of high school.

However, he quickly climbed the power structures created by the ruling coalition, the Revolutionary People’s Democratic Front (EPRDF), since he took over from the military junta in 1991.

Charmed by technology, he joined the army as a wireless operator from his teens. He became Lieutenant Colonel before joining the government, initially as a security official -and later the founder of the country’s cyber-spy agency, the Information and Security Network Service.

He then became a Member of Parliament and later served as Minister of Science and Technology before leaving the central government to serve, from his post of Vice President, his home region of Oromia.

Abiy received his first degree in computer engineering in 2001 from Addis Ababa’s Microlink Information Technology College. In 2011, he pursued a master’s degree from London’s Greenwich University in collaboration with Addis Ababa’s International Leadership Institute and in 2013 received a second master’s degree in business administration from the Leadstar College of Management and Leadership of the Ethiopian capital in collaboration with Ashland University in 2013. In 2017 he completed his Ph.D. degree from the Department of Peace and Security Studies at the University of Addis Ababa.

 

Difficult task

The speed at which changes in Ethiopia have taken place has been so great since Abiy took over as prime minister, that a lot of people have the feeling that this is a different country, as many in the country point out. This is because the reforms he introduced were until recently, unimaginable.

Abiy has sought to shape the events in the ‘Horn of Africa’ but has drawn criticism from some who say he is trying to do many things at once. In addition to its rapprochement with Eritrea, he has played a central role in mediating the resolution of the political crisis in Sudan, while also attempting to revive the precarious peace deal in South Sudan.

Abiy has made significant strides in his foreign policy, but there has been over-optimism from abroad that he can transform the Horn of Africa,” says James Barnett, an analyst at the American Enterprise Institute specializing in East Africa. “The Horn is volatile. I am skeptical that a leader can undo decades of competition and suspicion. “

Analysts point out that his reforms are at the same time too numerous and too fast for the old political guard, but too few and too out of place for the angry youth of the country, whose political demonstrations have brought him to power.

Whether all these initiatives will succeed is an open question, but his allies believe his personal ambitions will lead him to success.

A few months after Abiy came to power, an attempt was made to assassinate him.

A man attacked with a grenade during a political rally in his favor, killing a man and injuring at least 83 others. The perpetrator, dressed as a police officer, came very close to the rally where Abiy would speak. He then threw the grenade under the podium, causing an explosion.

Last June, four senior Ethiopian officials were killed during a failed attempt by a general to seize power in the state of Amhara in the northwestern part of the country.

The coup was planned by General Asamniu Chige, the head of the state’s security services.

Abiy is well aware of the danger he faces, and from time to time publicly refers to the attempts made against his life. For the time being, as he stated in an interview with Sheger FM station, he is still in control. “There have been many attempts so far, but death did not want to visit me after all. “

Why has not man set foot on the moon for the last 47 years?

space research science astronaut

Half a century after the triumphant overthrow of Apollo 11, the US space agency has long proclaimed that it not only intends to return to the Moon, but also to establish a permanent human colony there.

On the same day (February 13, 2019) that the Opportunity spacecraft ‘died’ on Mars after more than 14 years of operation, NASA revealed to reporters that it was ready to return to the moon, possibly by the end of the year.

NASA Science Mission Directorate Director Thomas Zurbuchen confirmed that the service’s intention was to put all the weight on exploring the Moon, while NASA Director Jim Bridenstine recognized the speed of the venture as a top priority.

This is not the first time NASA has made such emphatic declarations in President Trump’s years, after all. And it now has good company too, as a number of private companies, including Elon Musk’s first and foremost SpaceX, have their own plans for a big return to the Moon.

astronaut standing beside american flag on the moon

NASA is already working with nine commercial companies to accomplish this, including Lockheed Martin and Draper, whose space experience goes back as far as the Apollo era. The rest (Astrobotic Technology, Deep Space Systems, Firefly Aerospace, Intuitive Machines, Masten Space Systems, Moon Express and Orbit Beyond) are working feverishly to honor their contracts with NASA.

On the 50th anniversary of that historic trip by Baz Aldrin and Neil Armstrong, NASA will also make public the final aspects of the plan. But why is he so hurried? Is that just why Trump is pushing her to return to the Moon?

As we recall, the US president called on NASA to return to the Moon at the end of 2017 and even signed a Space Policy Directive giving it all the funding it needs.

This time, when we go to the Moon, we will go to stay. We will not leave flags and footprints to go home and not go back for the next 50 years,Bridenstine said recently from NASA’s headquarters in Washington.

This time, of course, he said that before a man goes to the moon, an unmanned mission will first be sent. And now he’s revising the goals, talking about 2024. And definitely not a man before 2028! “We want to go fast,” Zurbuchen stressed, before even admitting that “we may not succeed.”

NASA’s latest lunar impact, before the big announcements, tells us that it intends to build a small space station (Gateway says it) that will orbit our natural satellite by 2026. By the end of 2019 intends to send scientific instruments and other technological devices to the Moon, he corrected.

But why is it so difficult to get back to the Moon? The last person (eleventh) to land on it was Gene Cernan in December 1972 with the mission of Apollo 17. And the last time we sent something to the Moon was in 1976, when the Soviets collected 170 grams of soil with Luna 24 .

And then silence …

The Cost

aircraft astronaut business dusk

One line of thought claims that the cost is disproportionately high compared to the potential benefit. Even Google’s notorious (Lunar X Prize) competition to ship private companies to the Moon with its $ 20 million prize ended quietly in 2018. The cost of shipping proved to be higher than the prize.

For the past 12 years (since September 2007), Google and X Prize have offered $ 20 million to the first private company to complete a lunar mission and send back to Earth “high resolution videos and images”. The deadline expired in 2012,after it took a number of extensions, and in January 2018 it landed definitive rolls, as it became clear that none of the five dominant companies would succeed by March 31, when the deadline expired.

Within that twelve years, only three vehicles have touched the lunar surface and all have been state-sponsored. Only China’s Chang’e 3 (launched in 2013) could roam the Moon. China recently made another success in January 2019 as it docked the Chang’e 4 on the invisible side of the Moon and then told us they would send people by the end of the 2030s.

The Indians send the Chandrayaan-2 to the moon in April 2019, but again the mission wasn’t manned. Despite the growing lunar interest, the results remain poor for a goal we have set as humanity since 1969, and it has proved to be very feasible. Why can’t we repeat it?

In a word: resources. When the US first cut the thread of engagement, NASA had literally taken the fastest route to the Moon. The goal was to defeat the Soviets, not to build a royal road that would pave the way for future missions.

Instead of logical steps to build a sustainable model for continuous access and business on the Moon, it was more of a jump on the surface of the Moon,” says Blair DeWitt, general manager of Lunar Station Corporation (LSC), a promising space startup. based in Massachusetts, “this abnormal market structure removed the means to build the supply chain needed to support a continuous transfer of equipment, materials and people to the Moon.”

The chain must be made with calmness and prudence and not in the context of a new  cold war contest, DeWitt tells us. Even so, and despite the fact that the costs of space adventure have dropped today and are even noticeable, returning to the Moon is not cheap.

In today’s values, the cost of the Saturn V rocket used in the Apollo space program would cost about $ 1.16 billion (NASA estimate). SpaceX’s powerful Falcon Heavy (now doing space missions) costs just $ 90 million. Very promising yes, but for the time being it is not able to carry the load of the savage Saturn V, making it prohibitive at the moment to carry larger loads.

Even Elon Musk (founder of SpaceX) who had promised to send tourists into orbit around the Moon in 2018, has recently described the fact that his Falcon Heavy would be  capable of carrying astronauts, ‘impossible’.

The only rocket capable of being compared to the Saturn V in terms of thrust for the time being is NASA’s powerful rocket system, the billion-dollar programm called the Space Launch System (SLS). Which will not be ready for several years from today though.

Beyond Money

grey and orange spaceship

Progress has been made all these years, but it has been slow. Even the action with the Lunar X Prize can boast of causing sparking interest, putting several startups in the competition game, but in the end no one met the deadlines and it soon seemed that the cash prize was not the point.

20 million is a relatively small amount for the sizes we are talking about. “The reality is that it takes a lot of money to get to the Moon,” says Google Lunar X Prize CEO Chanda Gonzales-Mowrer, “when we founded it in 2007, we had the impression that contracts were lower than they actually were.”.

The teams were thinking smart. Some, such as Moon Express and Team Indus, eventually developed links and agreements with national space programs, America and India respectively. Some turned to private equity and others united, creating space groups.

Astrobotic, SpaceIL and Moon Express have all planned their own engagement in some years and everyone even has their own goals up there. Astrobotic is scheduled to launch in 2020 and already has 11 confirmed customers for the maiden voyage and a few hundred more on the waiting list.

Beyond the financial and technical challenges, however, one of the most persistent problems for space companies is public opinion. “If you go out on the road and say you build a company to carry cargoes to the Moon, people will look at you in a strange way. People in the world have to make a leap of faith and believe that you can build a business on the Moon, ”says John Thornton.

Astrobotic’s General Manager concludes: “All previous activities on the Moon were funded by superpowers. How would you feel if a private company landed there and made money? “

And surely Elon Musk’s ever-unexpected statements do not help the market believe in space adventure and want to bet its money: “Creating a rocket company must be one of the most stupid and difficult ways to make money” “Tweeted” in March 2018, “if it was for the money, I’d make another internet company.” Thornton argues that the best advisers to dispel the world’s mistrust are time, market fermentation and technological progress.

Brave steps have been taken in this direction in the last two years, as many startups have received millions in funding from traditional investors. Companies like Relativity Space, which is developing 3D printers for rocket printing, and LSC, which focuses on collecting research data from the Moon, change the landscape one feat at a time.

At the same time, it doesn’t make sense for state space entities (NASA in this case) to go back to the Moon just to return. Something that has been going on for half a century. They seek to return with great goals to their quiver and are more interested in long-term success than in short-term prestige goals.

The real purpose is another big leap for mankind: Mars.

Lunar missions look like a good rehearsal for the ultimate journey of man to the Red Planet: “We recognize the Moon as a resource, a step and a landmark,” says Thornton, “we have begun to regard it as a hub, not an end destination.”

Even Trump said this in December 2017: send astronauts to the Moon and eventually to Mars. And the funding he gave NASA for 2019 included a special Mars grant. It’s not just NASA playing the ball in the space arena, anymore.

Vladimir Putin has also declared his intention to travel to the Moon and Mars at the same time that China, India, Japan and the European Union (through the European Space Agency) all have their own plan for engagement.

The cube was dropped for the journey of man to the Moon and all the materials are here. And above all, the cooperation of states and individuals in achieving the goal. When will we go back to the Moon, no one can say for now. But one thing is certain: this time we will go to stay.

crescent moon

5 signs that indicate something is wrong with your work obsession

design desk display eyewear

The term ‘workaholic’ is sometimes used to refer to anyone who works hard, but in reality it refers to a state of affairs with frightening effects on mental health and interpersonal relationships.

This is what psychotherapist Ana Jovanovic, tells us, by analyzing that the phenomenon takes place when the passion for work and personal development turns into obsession, negatively affecting body and mind.

The Nobel Coaching and Tutoring Mental Health Specialist shares the 5 signs that something is wrong with our work obsession.

“The workaholic feels anxious when not working”

The workaholic seeks pleasure from the act itself and not the result of his work, which gives him a sense of relief and meaning. If you are not feeling well in your spare time anyway, Jovanovic suggests, it’s time to consult the experts.

“The workaholic always turns work into his first priority”

If you put the job above your family, your spare time, and even your physical health, things will not look promising. “The workman puts work above all else. And while working consistently can be very difficult, it’s even harder when not working, ”explains the expert.

“The workaholic leaves little to no time for other aspects of life”

Leisure is not at all an option for workaholics, as they try to keep working and not have gaps in their schedule. “They create networks of relationships where others need them all the time,” Jovanovic points out, and they can’t spend time with family, friends, hobbies or even themselves.

“The Workaholic doesn’t understand the problem”

As with most types of addiction, the workman will never claim to suffer from it. Instead, he will blame the circumstances, his demanding boss, the competitive nature of his job, etc. “Working long hours is a socially acceptable way of overcoming the other major problems of your life,” Jovanovic points out.

“The workaholic is not happy”

People who are passionate about their work and devote a good portion of their energy to what they do are not workaholics. The way to understand the workaholic, the expert explains, is from the simple fact that he is not happy: “he feels an overwhelming need to work overtime” in order to “nourish the negative emotions that arise when he is not working” …

How much does a Formula 1 car cost?

speed racing speedway racing car

Formula 1 is the “cradle” of motor sports, with original cars carrying the latest technology.

Teams of engineers, technicians and designers work through the night at factories studying solutions and testing components that they hope will give them a competitive edge. The F1 is a sport judged in the details, which means every millimeter counts.

Top teams, the ones fighting for wins and titles, usually have the biggest budget. This means they can spend more money on research, development (R&D) and testing.

Of course, there are also teams with significantly lower budgets that have made it to the top, such as the Brawn GP in 2009 (Jenson Button Drivers ‘Championship and manufacturers) and Renault in 2005, 2006 (2 Drivers’ Championships with Fernando Alonso and two manufacturers’ championships). On the other hand, the enormous funds that Toyota (2002 to 2009) and Honda (2006 to 2008) had with their own teams were not enough to give them a leading role.

Every year the cars are evolving, becoming faster, using new technologies.

But how much can a Formula 1 car cost? No one can answer this question precisely, as the cost of research and development cannot be determined.

However, an estimate can be made of how much the average components of the car cost ,as well as the overall cost.

So according to a WTF1 survey, the average cost of a F1 car is € 6.8 million.

This amount is as follows:

Front Spoiler / Tip: 170,000 euros

Floor: 66,000 euros

Steering wheel: 56,700 euros

Software / Telemetry: 84,000 euros

Rear Spoiler / DRS: 107,000 euros

Braking system: 170,000 euros

Exhaust system: 195,000 euros

Gearbox: 850,000 euros

Monocok (chassis): 1.13 million euros

Hybrid engine: EUR 4 million

So you understand that every time a car gets involved in an accident or ends up in barriers, the cost of repairs can reach a disproportionate amount, depending on the extent of the damage …

Stefanos Tsitsipas: The player who wins the … trophy holders

people standing on blue and green tennis court

Stefanos Tsitsipas won the 2019 Australian Open, Shanghai Masters and ATP Finals.

There are many achievements by Stefanos Tsitsipas in 2019, in a year that will end for him on Saturday or Sunday in the final.

The Greek tennis player has achieved a lot through out the year but his victory over Zverev at the ATP Finals proved another great achievement.

In 2019, the 21-year-old won the Australian Open, Shanghai Masters and ATP Finals.

The start was in January in Melbourne. In the 4th round he met his idol Roger Federer and overturned him with a 3-1 set.

The Swiss had reached the top in 2018 and this is his last Grand Slam title to date.

The follow-up was in Shanghai. 2018 winner Novak Djokovic lost to Tsitsipas in the quarter-finals. The Serb is at No. 1 and this loss did him a great deal of damage.

Let us see what more does the future hold for the Greek athlete.

Global warming is at risk of derailment

black bird perched on bare tree

The planet is now almost off target to keep the temperature rise to one-and-a-half degrees Celsius from pre-industrial levels, but it is moving at two or three degrees Celsius, which will make climate change a serious threat by 2040. The dramatic warning-appeal is addressed by a significant 33-page report by scientists from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

The one and a half degree barrier can be surpassed somewhere in 2030 and once that limit is exceeded, even half a degree Celsius will lead to a significant increase in the risk of droughts, floods, heatwaves and poverty for many millions of people.

The last hope of catching the increasingly difficult goal of rising to one and a half degrees is, according to the report, “to make rapid, wide and unprecedented changes in all aspects of society“. Scientists point out that the “window of opportunity” is not yet closed, but humanity is close to it if it does not act decisively in four areas: energy, land use, cities and industry.

aerial view atmosphere clouds cold front

The report, presented at an international meeting in South Korea, according to the BBC and The Guardian, points out that “reducing one-and-a-half degree overcurrents has many benefits compared to moderating the rise to two degrees, as it will actually reduce the impacts of climate change in very important ways.

The report estimates that governments and individuals will need massive investment of around 2.5% of world GDP annually (about $ 2.4 trillion annually) over the next two decades to keep the planet below the “threshold” of one and a half degrees.

To meet this target, global carbon emissions must be reduced by 45% by 2030. Renewable energy sources must provide 85% of global electricity by 2050, and carbon use must be almost zero. Up to seven million square kilometers of land – an area almost as large as Australia – will be needed for energy crops (biofuels), with global net greenhouse gas emissions set to be cut by 2050.

A two-degree increase in temperature will, among other things, eradicate valuable coral reefs, accelerate ice melting, global sea levels will rise by about ten centimeters, and negatively affect the yield of important agricultural crops ( wheat, etc.).

Key steps to grow your business on social media

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All businesses want to maintain an active presence on social media and seek interaction with their customers.

However, it is often complicated to build their business profile properly in order to establish a business identity.

Here’s a guide to see your business’s recognition difference.

  1. Take a photo of your workplace
  2. Answer the question: “what is your goal in the next months”?
  3. Introduce your new employee to social media
  4. Share something popular
  5. Interview a client
  6. Post something where you need to ‘Fill in the gap’
  7. Share information about a social event you look forward to attending
  8. Share something funny
  9. Share a “story” (photo or video displayed for 24 hours)
  10. Share someone else’s content / posts
  11. Share #tbt (Throwback Thursday is the name of a weekly social media posting trend and hashtag, with users sharing it and sharing some of their favorite memories)
  12. Post something seasonal
  13. Share something that will inspire you
  14. Emphasize the customer of the month
  15. Share information about a social event you attended
  16. Share an interesting survey
  17. Ask your audience a multiple choice question
  18. Create a video with employees or products for your business
  19. Repeat a move that has been successful
  20. Share the latest newsletter or announcement
  21. Share a chart that your audience will like
  22. Edit and share a photo
  23. Correct a misconception related to your site
  24. Share your favorite book or article that you plan to read
  25. Show off another local business or organization
  26. Show off your professionalism with helpful tips
  27. Share something about achieving a corporate goal, birthday or a lesser-known celebration
  28. View your social media accounts together
  29. Ask your audience to sign up for the contact email
  30. Thank your customers for their support