Rising temperatures increase biodiversity on Earth

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Research may indicate that climate change is leading to the gradual extinction of some species, but in the long run global warming is leading to species proliferation and biodiversity enrichment, according to a new British scientific study.

Researchers from the Universities of York, Leeds and Glasgow, led by evolutionary biologist Peter Meiju, published the study in a review of the US National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) survey, according to GeoScience and Nature. data reaching up to 540 million years ago. The researchers – to their great surprise, as they say – found a direct proportional relationship between heat and biodiversity: when the former increased, so did the second, and when the former receded, the latter declined.

The study thus concluded that previous warm climates on Earth were accompanied by increasing species extinction, but at the same time promoted the creation of new species, eventually increasing biodiversity in the long run. Based on this reasoning, British scientists suspect that the current trend of rising temperatures will cause the loss of several species, but over time – something that cannot be understood now – the global biosphere will eventually be enriched by climate change.

Scientists have for years observed that the abundance of species is increasing as one approaches the hottest Ecuador. The new study argues that the same trend – the ratio between heat and biodiversity – applies not only to space, but also over time. Of course, as biology professor Tim Benton pointed out, “this does not mean that the current global warming is good for existing species. Increases in global biodiversity take millions of years and in the meantime it is to be expected that several species extinctions will occur.

According to Meihiu, the different rhythm of the two changes plays a decisive role, as the evolution of new species from the preceding ones takes thousands or even millions of years, that is, much slower than the extinctions of species already observed due to climate change.

Artificial photosynthesis reduces CO2 emissions

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The processes that occur in the natural environment are being imitated by scientists in order to develop solar energy exploitation systems.

Recently, the Japanese company Panasonic developed an artificial photosynthesis system for the production of an industrial chemical used in the agricultural and textile industries.

The system is based on a nitride semiconductor and a metal catalyst. These two factors work together to produce energy and collect carbon dioxide, which is converted into formic acid.

Formic acid is used in livestock and poultry as a preservative and antibacterial.

It is also used as a detergent in tanning and textile processing.

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In Panasonic’s artificial photosynthesis system, the sun’s rays divert water and irritate the nitride semiconductor, triggering the breakdown of water molecules into hydrogen and oxygen.

The metal catalyst then triggers a new reaction also known as “carbon dioxide depletion”, which also breaks down its constituents, carbon and oxygen. The carbon, oxygen and hydrogen elements collected from the two reactions are combined to form formic acid.

Panasonic aspires to integrate artificial photosynthesis technology into a system that “captures” and converts carbon dioxide produced by incinerators, power plants and other industries into a useful resource. An additional advantage is the reduction of carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere.

Currently, the system converts carbon dioxide into formic acid with a yield of 0.2%. Although the rate is not high enough to justify the commercial exploitation of the technology, it is higher than any known similar technology.

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Panasonic also argues that the system will operate at economies of scale as the chemical reaction evolves proportionally to the amount of sunlight. Concentration or increase in solar radiation will increase formic acid production.

Panasonic’s latest technological breakthrough is essentially an attempt to mimic the mechanism of photosynthesis that develops in plants, but also in some animals such as the mullet.

A volcano was discovered in Hong Kong

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Visitors are impressed by the hexagonal columns of volcanic rocks on the Kwo Chau Islands, southeast of Hong Kong.

The ancient volcano that last exploded 140 million years ago is considered one of the oldest in the world, according to the Hong Kong Geological Survey Center.

This is the first discovery of an ancient supernova in southeast China.

A volcano, writes wikipedia, is called a volcano capable of producing an eruption with a volume of volcanic material greater than 1,000 cubic kilometers.

Pride can be created when magma in the Earth rises from a hot spot to the bark but cannot penetrate it. Pressure generates a large and ever-increasing amount of magma until the crust is unable to contain the pressure.

The technological future of humanity already underway in Silicon Valley

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There are trends in technology that are dying before they are well born and others that prove so important that transform not only the industry but also the way we actually live.

And in an industry that is so inextricably linked to innovation and innovation, things remain extremely fluid in terms of setting trends.

But there are times when Silicon Valley doesn’t hide what it’s looking for behind closed doors, as in our interconnected post-industrial world few things remain a secret.

The ever-increasing adoption of digital assistants, the infamous Internet of Things, interconnected applications, and even the new strategies of operating smart machines remain pillars of technology, the foundations upon which our young and brave world is built.

But with cutting-edge computing, increasingly smart homes, and even smart cities, more and more tech-savvy evangelizers are embracing the new, advanced 5G protocols, as well as greater security of e-commerce with the help of artificial intelligence. Or Bitcoin!

Large technology exhibitions, like the infamous CES, often point to the direction that industry giants will follow in terms of both consumer products and innovation. And now the weight is falling on both augmented and virtual reality, on motor vehicles, robotic technology, smart energy and so much more.

And of course the tech industry is one of those that doesn’t exactly expect the consumer to adopt technologies and adopt new devices. The blocks you see in space have the power to establish strategies and promote the digital transformation of our world in a way that “no” fits.

IDC Research tells us it expects more than $ 1.3 trillion will be spent. dollars to adapt the market to the dance industry of the tech industry. At the same time, the colossus at Gartner Inc. technology research is predicting rapid changes to e-security services, as cybercrime is something that no one can ignore.

And of course all market players expect much more diffusion of artificial intelligence in everything from the purely industrial sector to tertiary production. Gartner is referring to “robotic employees” in its long-awaited annual report, namely smart machines that “turn into a competitive necessity”.

Amidst the enormously exciting and always subversive technology landscape, what trends stand out for 2020, as evidenced by the estimates of expert analysts and the great Silicon Valley players themselves…

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Our biggest dependency on data

From mere chatting with our online friends to online ordering or media streaming, whatever we do online today requires a long line of interconnected services. Services and applications that work naturally with data, so much data that have triggered an unprecedented explosion and call for bold reforms to continue to work this scary digital building seamlessly.

Most of us do not often realize what volume of data we are talking about. Want a thick image? So every minute of the hour there are some 900,000 Facebook posts, 450,000 tweets, 156 million emails and 15 million text messages. With such astronomical numbers, what we are essentially doing is doubling the volume of data that goes online every two years.

Something that requires enormous efforts from the tech industry to keep things running smoothly, an ever-evolving process that will naturally continue, as a necessity rather than a new vision…

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The Internet of Things and how our machines are constantly becoming ‘smarter’

As the Internet of Things, we strongly call for the connectivity of our devices to the Internet and their ever-increasing interaction. From industrial robots to the simple technological objects of our day, they all rely on built-in sensors that collect and analyze data in order to do something. So we can, for example, open our home’s air conditioner from a cellphone.

The Internet of Things is one of those directions that is more or less imperative for the tech world. Everything nowadays is smart or done as we speak, constantly collecting data and interacting with other devices, thereby exponentially increasing data usage and without human intervention.

And tech industry estimates show that this trend will not only continue, but will dominate. By 2020, Gartner estimates, more than 250 million cars will be connected to the Internet, providing smart features and self-driving services!

The Internet of Things already has countless devices to communicate with, only to have just begun! Technology research firm IHS predicts that by 2020 there will be more than 75 billion internet connected devices…

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The exponential increase in processing power is fueling huge technological developments

It goes without saying that none of this, neither the Internet of Things with its billions of devices nor the management of astronomical data, would have been possible without the huge leaps in pure computing. To put it in perspective, between 1975-2015 the computing power doubled every two years, before reaching today’s extremely high levels, where the growth rate has fallen to 2.5 years.

Only with these and these we have reached the limit of almost everything that a computer could have traditionally worked on. That’s why Silicon Valley has turned its attention to quantum computers, the biggest revolution in the way computers work and what they can do. Quantum computing will see its devices become millions of times faster and space leaders are leading the race for who will launch a commercially viable version of the market.

A version that can solve problems and perform calculations that are currently unthinkable. And to solve natural problems that we haven’t even thought about yet …

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The incredible diffusion of artificial intelligence

Machines are the ones we are talking about today that are capable of learning exactly the same way we humans do. We are essentially talking about a scary leap in the industry, as today’s algorithms are not based on simple data processing, but can deliver their own programs and applications, acting as templates. As human minds, in other words.

It goes without saying that supercomputers are at the heart of all this development, as the faster artificial intelligence learns, the more accurate its estimates become. Only this jump in algorithms means that smart machines can now do more than traditional human tasks, as it is not just the automation of the production they master.

Programs recognize things in our world with great accuracy (facial recognition technologies, for example), read, write, listen, speak, produce reactions and emotions, and put us in glasses so spiritual that they were once considered exclusively human. And Silicon Valley is not going to stop …

The unstoppable train we call ‘automation’

The smarter our robotic assistants become, the more they can do for us. Which means that even more functions, processes, decisions and systems are automated as we speak, with artificial intelligence algorithms at their heart that can do just about anything.

Automation does not just affect production or the secondary sector, occupying jobs that are cumbersome and risky, jobs that make things faster, more efficient, safer and cheaper. But now she even gets the job of accountants, even lawyers!

And so the forecasts suggest that they will soon replace the human factor in practically everything, from the builder to the foreman and the professional truck driver to the doctor. An estimate even predicts that 47% of Britain’s jobs are now in danger of being overtaken by automation (“creative disaster” they typically call it), one of Silicon Valley’s most beloved destinations …

3D printing is already transforming the industry (and others)

Directly related to automation is the development of the infamous 3D printing, which changes – if not stops – industrial production as we know it. 3D printing is becoming more and more constant in the manufacturing industry as printers are now processing everything from metal and plastic to cement, liquids, powders and even human tissue (!), Creating cheaper objects one layer at a time.

Not only the cost, but also the creative solutions of 3D printing, as it can and does deliver much more sophisticated designs than traditional industrial design. And it consumes of course much less material. Products that come out of an industrial 3D printer can easily be adapted to the customer’s needs without having to worry about economies of scale at the same time.

2020 is sure to see even more amazing things in 3D printing…

We will interact with technology in a completely different ways

The way we talk to smartphones and other tech products has changed dramatically in recent years. But we haven’t seen anything yet, as the big players at least promise. Thanks to smartphones and tablets, we can now stroke the screen and even on the go a huge plethora of things, as 2016 was the milestone year for mobile technology overpowering traditional PCs (desktops). Google also confirmed this, telling us that mobile searches surpassed those of desktops in 2017.

At the same time, we are now talking on our devices, using voice commands in Siri and related programs (Alexa, Cortana). Estimates here say that by 2021, 50% of all online searches will be done via voice rather than typing, and a good 30% won’t even need a screen.

Naturally, the business world is now forced to link its products and services with industry developments, harmonizing them with their respective applications (Siri, Alexa and Google Assistant remain the benchmarks). Add to all of these applications that provide both artificial and enhanced intelligence, the next big step in how we interact with our devices, and you see where things are going…

ripple etehereum and bitcoin and micro sdhc card

Blockchain technology that is changing the… banking system

In other circumstances, a few years ago, this would be something we would learn backwards. But not anymore, as nothing is hidden in the world of technology. The Blockchain you are talking about is the technology behind the digital currency Bitcoin, one of those things that has caught the hexapin mankind and no one can turn their back on it.

It is essentially a platform that transforms the way we trade, store, and exchange data, so that everything is done without intermediaries, but with greater security. Think of Blockchain as a decentralized and extremely secure database, that is, much safer than any other transaction protection technology, as all of this data is not stored “somewhere”.

It is a box of chains – wherever the platform gets its name – only this chain is not managed by an organization or group of people, but is based on its users. And with Bitcoin coming into our day-to-day discussions for good, we intuitively understand exactly what it is.

And is it really a serious attempt to democratize the global financial system, an effort based on the simple idea of ​​why a third party (be it a bank, agency or service) is involved in trading between two parties?

As experts say, the banking, insurance and health services are the key areas that will soon adopt Blockchain technology, despite the fact that most have not even heard of it, a good… 90% of the top European and US banks are already exploring its operation.

We produce so much astronomical data as humanity every … minute

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Suffice it to say that 90% of the data we use today has been created over the last two years to get a first taste of what is to come.

So today’s data output is estimated at 2.5 to five million bytes a day! And with the Internet of Things increasingly connecting devices to the web, that number will increase exponentially in the coming months.

The global Internet population has crystallized at 3.7 billion users (an increase of 7.5%), which has disrupted data sharing and management. In the US alone, for example, some 2,657,700 gigabytes of data are generated every minute of the hour.

At the same time, YouTube is streaming more material than ever, with 4.14 million videos playing per minute. Add to that the 15.2 million text messages sent every minute of every hour to the lengths and widths of the planet (an increase of 334%) and you have a good estimate of what exactly is going on.

And for the 900,000 posts uploaded to Facebook every minute, the 456,000 tweets, and the 156 million emails! At the same time, Uber makes 45,787 trips per minute, Spotify adds 13 new songs at the same time, 46,740 photos are uploaded to Instagram, and Google’s search engine is facing 3.6 million searches. Yes, the minute.

And Wikipedia doesn’t go back, as it processes 600 new pages (or revisions) every minute. And if all this has not left you with your mouth open, it may be due to the fact that the Internet is forced to endure untouched and 103.447.520 spam emails per minute!

 

An artificial intelligence system “guesses” what the neighborhood is voting for

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How many people in the neighborhood vote the same party as you? How many have a college degree? How Much Money Does Everyone Make? You would love to know, but unfortunately you can only guess. But a new artificial intelligence system for the first time is able to guess the answers to all of these questions quite accurately.

To accomplish this, it is enough to supply the relevant street photos algorithms with Google Street View and they then do their “magic” by making estimates of political preferences, educational level, income level and .a. for every neighborhood. This confirms the saying “you are what you drive”.

The researchers, led by Associate Professor of Computer Science Fey-Lee, director of the Stanford University of California’s Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, published the relevant issue in the 50th US Journal of the Journal of the American PAS Journal. , which were pulled by Google vehicles in 200 US cities.

Computer engineers used deep learning and computing algorithms to determine the brand, model and year of manufacture of the approximately 22 million cars in the photographs, which was accurately achieved for half the vehicles (52%). In the next stage, other algorithms were fed with demographic and electoral data and undertook the estimation from the standpoint of cars alone. Artificial intelligence proved unbelievably accurate in its estimates of the average household income in each neighborhood, the proportion of white, black and Asians living in each district, the level of education of residents, and how many people voted for the Democratic Party. and how much for Republican McCain in the 2008 presidential election.

In other words, it is possible to evaluate how progressive or conservative an area is, depending on the type of vehicles you see most often parked there. For example, the more sedan cars a neighborhood had, the more residents voted in favor of Obama, while the more pickup vehicles in an area, the greater the percentage favoring McCain.

If the number of sedans in a neighborhood were greater than the number of “pickups”, there was an 88% chance the neighborhood would vote Democratic. If the “pick-ups” were to exceed the salaries, then there was an 82% chance that the neighborhood would vote Republican.

Researchers said that in the future, with the increase in street cameras thanks to on-road vehicles, more and more data will be collected and an artificial intelligence system will be able to draw near-real-time conclusions.